Monarda punctata Cowles Bog

Family:     Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Duration:  Perennial

Height:     60 cm (up to 2 ft)

Blooming: July-Sept.



Monarda punctata L.

 Stem: greenish-brown and square.  

Flowers: form in axillary whorls and one terminal. The yellow flowers are covered in purple spots and hair on the surface. The upper lip of the flower greatly arches, canopying the rest of the flower.

Leaves: under the flowers is a colorful, leaf-like structure called bracts. These bracts are in a whorl setting the stage for the showy little flowers. The bracts can be green, white, pinkish to purplish. 

The actual leaves are arranged opposite up the stem.  The lower leaves have small teeth on them.  

Sun: Full to part sun

Ideal Conditions: Moist to Dry Sunny Areas


Monarda punctata - Howes Prairie
horsemint indiana dunes

Comments: Horsemint is also commonly called "spotted bee balm" or "lemon mint".

Etymology: The name Monarda comes from a 16th century botanist and physician named Nicolás Monardes, and punctata comes from the Latin word for "speckled".  

all photos by Nathanael Pilla

horsemint in the winter

Landscape: Horsemint adds color, fragrance, and texture to your bee garden. The color of the bracts and flowers holds for months. It is also a low maintenance, short-lived perennial that can reseed to keep your population alive and beautiful.  

Species Present and Native