Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Duration: Biennial - Perennial
Height: 10-30 cm (4-12 in) can get up to 60 cm (24 in)
Blooming: May - July
Coreopsis lanceolata L.
- An herbaceous perennial prairie and savanna plant.
Flowers: large, composite flower heads that are up to 5 cm (2 in) in diameter. The flower head has 10 yellow petal-like, toothed ray flowers surrounding numerous disk flowers.
Leaves: mostly basal with some creeping opposite to each other up the stem but staying on the lower 3rd of the plant. The leaf blades can have up to four lateral lobes (two on the bottom of the leaf and two in the middle) or no lobes. They can be smooth or hairy. The basal leaves can be up to 2.5 cm. (1 in) wide, tapering to the base and tip. It can be up to 20 cm (8 in) long with a strong midvein.
Fruits: 1/2 in diameter fruiting head which turns dark brown.
Ideal conditions: dry sandy soil, but tolerates loamy or clayey soil and medium moisture.
SOURCES & FURTHER RESOURCES:
Comments: Sand coreopsis or lance-leaf tickseed is sometimes broken down into two varieties with one having hair on the leaves and stem and one being hairless. Sand coreopsis can be differentiated by other tickseeds by it having all of its leaves on the lower half of the plant. Also, unlike the other tickseed's, many of the lower leaves are simple (unlobed).
Etymology: The genus, Coreopsis, is Greek for koris- and -opsis which means "a bug" and "like", thus "bug-like" referring to its seeds which looks like a tick. The common name is sometimes referred to as "tickseed".
Butterfly & moth association: Coreopsis is an important food source for adult southern dogface butterflies (Zerene cesonia).
all photos by Nathanael Pilla
Landscape: Sand coreopsis attracts birds, butterflies, and bees. It is deer resistant and can tolerate dry conditions.